The teachings of Islam promote an integrated approach to theology, science, and ethics that moves beyond the categories of theism, scientism, and humanism. This is based on the common Muslim belief that faith (din) and world (duniya) are inseparable. This article argues that there is no dichotomy between science and religion in the Muslim tradition.


This short article explores the debated term "Islamic art" and the forms traditionally associated with it, while arguing for an approach to view "Islamic" art through the notion of symbolic representation of the beliefs and values of Islam. It then examines how sometimes radically altered modern forms of art and architecture still continue to represent these values.

The perceived divide between the so-called "Islamic" and "Western" civilisations, often viewed through a history of conflict, ignores the more dynamic, positive, and creative interactions that have taken place over the centuries. Art, artefacts, and architecture contain evidence of the interactive nature of cultural interchange.